Philip V, King of Spain, founder of the Bourbon dynasty, was the son of the Dauphin Louis and his wife, Maria Anna, daughter of Ferdinand Maria, elector of Bavaria. His mother ruled as a regent for 10 years until Charles was a teenager. And according to his autopsy, his body showed the signs of that inbreeding. Born to the Throne of France Charles II of Navarre was the son of Philip, Count of Evreux and Jeanne, the only surviving child of Louise X of France and Navarre. People said he was bewitched, which is how he earned the nickname “El Hechizado,” or in English “the Hexed.” There was more than one attempt to “heal” him by various methods. I was reading Wikipedia's entry on the death of Charles II, and the autopsy report states that "did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water." The young couple were systematically excluded from governing by Charlesâs mother. Marie Louise acted naively and with a lack of political ambition, making enemies at court and soon squandering any sympathies she Meanwhile, Spainâs position in the world had declined alarmingly during the reign of King Charles II. Charles II of Spain, also known as El Hechizado or the Bewitched, was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire. It is said that he had his deceased relativeâs bodies exhumed in order to touch or view them. Queen consort Marie Louise, King Charles, and his mother, Mariana of Austria, attend the auto de fe of June 30, 1680, by Francisco Rizi. He was childless and without an heir, pre-deceased by many possible successors. While the French ambassador wrote "... he is so ugly as to cause fear, and looks ill", it was considered irrelevant to the political benefits. What may be more shocking is how an autopsy allegedly describes the deceased body of the king himself. Although this king was granted the right to run a large and powerful kingdom, he is remembered as an infirm ruler, thanks to his many health disabilities and his poor intellect. As rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, they not only determined Europeâs political and territorial structure but also defined the history of the world. It was a task undertaken by a group of Spanish scientists who examined the ancestry of the infirm king back through 16 generations. Charles V (French: Charles Quint ; German: Karl V.) (24 February 1500 â 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I (Spanish: Carlos I), of the Kingdom(s) of Spain (Reino de España) from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556. Successor and son of second marriage of King Philip IV. Charles II, king of Spain from 1665 to 1700 and the last monarch of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. Since his birth in 1661, he presented a peculiar set of physical, psychiatric and behavioral signs, such as respiratory and diarrheal diseases, recurrent seizures and â¦ When the courtâs pressure brought him to a mental breakdown he decided to retire and became obsessed with dead people. One of Europeâs most powerful dynasties from the 15th through 20th centuries was the House of Habsburg, a royal German family, also known as the House of Austria. Spanish Gold Coin minted in 1700, the last year of the reign of Charles II. Philip V. King of Spain, 1700-46. Birthplace: Versailles, France Location of death: Madrid, Spain Cause of death: Stroke. Photo by NumismÃ¡tica Pliego CC BY-SA 3.0, Professor Van Kerrebroeck from the European Association of Urology explained:Â âWe can conclude that Carlos suffered from posterior hypospadias, monorchism, and an atrophic testicle.Â He probably had an intersexual state with ambiguous genitalia, and a congenital monokidney with stones and infections.â. Ancient History Europe was headed into a crisis at the hour of the Spanish king’s death, one which resulted in the War of the Spanish Succession, a conflict that lasted until 1714. Despite the grave political outcome, Charles’s death, however, was marked by memorable, rudimentary autopsy notes which describes Charlesâ ill health in the most peculiar way. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Royal inbreeding extinguished the Spanish Habsburg dynasty which ended with the death of King Charles II â¦ Monarch of Spain. In the reign of the 16th century’s Charles V, with European kingdoms and colonies stretching to the Americas, it was said his was “the empire on which the sun never sets.”. This doesn’t explain why his corpse would be drained of blood, but it does seem offer a reason why his âheadâ might have been full of âwater.â Life for Charles II must have been difficult and painful. In fact, his government is considered purely symbolic because, ascended to â¦ What may be more shocking is how an autopsy allegedly describes the deceased body of the king himself. According to recent research published in the journal PLOS One, there is evidence which proves that around 11 marriages in the family of Charles II wereÂ consanguineous or from âblood relatives.â. Modern-day research has only confirmed what has already been assumed in the past, that both his mental and physical condition were largely due to the extensive history of inbreeding which his royal family practiced for decades, if not centuries, before his birth. The illegitimate Children of Charles II. His poor health impeded his ability to learn how to read or write, preventing him obtaining what was then considered a proper royal education. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death. CHARLES II (Frankfurt-am-Main 13 Jun 823-Avrieux or Brides-les-Bains, Savoie 6 Oct 877, bur Nantua Abbey, transferred to église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). The Annales S. Benigni Divisionensis record the birth of "Karolus filius Ludowici" in Frankfurt "Idus Iun 824". He died childless in 1700 with Quick Facts Name Charles II of England Birth Date May 29, 1630 Death Date February 6, 1685 Place of Birth St. James' Palace, London, England, United Kingdom All things combined: * The physician exaggeratedâ¦ for certain Charles II had very serious health problems since he was born, he bore generations of inbreeding in his DNA. On November 1st, 1700, an entire dynasty of kings came to a crashing end with the death of Charles II of Spain.Charles had neither a pleasant life nor a successful reign. Charles II of Spain (aka, The Bewitched; Madrid, Spain, 6th November 1661 - Madrid, Spain, 1st November 1700) On this day, King Charles II of Spain breathed his last. When Charles inherited the throne in September 1665, he was only four years old. This family provided kings that reigned over vast territories that included Bohemia, Hungary, Portugal, Croatia, Germany, Spain, and, of course, Austria. Charles was the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad. Moreover, according to the Telegraph,Â Charles II and his grandfather Philip III were considered the two members of the family with highest inbreeding coefficients. His health had been so poor throughout his life, though, that it was surprising he lasted as long as he did. However, the majority of the court enjoyed living under an incompetent king as he was easily manipulated. He had a prominently elongated skull and obtrusive jaw, features said to be typical for a Hapsburg. The Habsburgs had inherited Spain by chance with the timely death of Ferdinand and Isabella's only surviving son Prince John in 1497 and eldest daughter Isabella in 1498. One of John's last acts was arranging Charles's marriage in 1679 to Marie Louise, eldest daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans. The death of King Charles II, the Bewitched, ended two centuries of sovereignity of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. The misfortunate-in-health-royal was born to King Philip IV and his second wife, Mariana of Austria. He was spared from the court and did not have a lot of knowledge in the affairs of governance. As for Carlos II's inbreeding, this extreme case of a near circular family tree was the byproduct of dynastic accident and geostrategic timing. Perhaps the most infamous of them all was Charles II of Spain. Due to his condition, he supposedly barely learned to read or write, and he never managed to obtain an education proper for a royal. His quiet, heirless death had a riotous outcome as it launched the War of the Spanish Succession which lasted until 1714 and provoked a crisis in Europe. He was the only legitimate heir, but because he was so young his mother took the role of regent. The problem with some theories is that they either underestimat the doctors of the time (they sucked at healing stuff but boy they were awesome at describing it!) As the only legitimate heir at the time, Charles sat on the throne when he was a boy of only four. The physician who carried out the autopsy, Pedro Gargantilla, noted: â[His corpse]â¦ did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.â He was a man of poor intellect, a fact that hindered his thirty-year-old rule, and one with serious physical difficulties which deprived him of having any heirs, although he was twice married. It was the 16-year-old Philip, Duke of Anjou, grand-nephew of Charles II (at the same time grandson of the reigning French King Louis XIV), who was designated as heir to the deceased Spanish king. He joined the court with only a slight knowledge of politics or governance and, reportedly, was often secretly ridiculed for that. His mother was appointed Regent as he was too young to govern the kingdom. After Charles II Of Spain Died In 1700, His Autopsy Revealed Some Truly Astonishing Results. On November 1 st, 1700, an entire dynasty of kings came to a crashing end with the death of Charles II of Spain.Charles had neither a pleasant life nor a successful reign. Charlesâs reign opened with a 10-year regency under the queen mother, during which the government was preoccupied with combatting the ambitions of â¦ Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names Charles as son of his father by his second wife. During his lifetime Charles ran a vast and powerful kingdom, although he will be remembered as the last ruler of Habsburg Spain and the one with very severe health difficulties due to several generations of royal inbreeding. Charles II managed to reach 38 years but did not wait to see his 39th birthday, passing away only five days before that. But if there is one more intriguing aspect related to the Charles II’s death that was not the culminating political crisis, it was the strangeness of his final days and the condition of his dead body. Join 1000s of subscribers and receive the best Vintage News in your mailbox for FREE, Police arrest a 72-year-old âsuburban grandfatherâ suspected of being the Golden State Killer, âIâm not dead yetâ: some Buddhist monks followed self-mummification, Project Azorian: Howard Hughesâ secret mission, 1960s U.S. satellite that started transmitting again in 2013, The âWalk of Shameâ in Game of Thrones historical inspiration, The only unsolved skyjacking case in U.S. history might have a break, Kurt GÃ¶del became too paranoid to eat and died of starvation, âLittle Easeâ: One of the most feared torture devices in the Tower of London, The humble English girl who became Cora Pearl, Walt Disney softened the original Snow White story. His mental state suffered as well, producing often erratic and perverse behavior. King Charles II, painting by Juan CarreÃ±o de Miranda, 1685. History remembers the Habsburgs as one of the most influential but also peculiar and intriguing ruling dynasties. The Hapsburg family was famous for cousins marrying one another. Their research findings were issued in 2009 in the journal PLOS One, and according to it, there is evidence that at least 11 marriages carried out within Charles II’s family during the 15th and 16th century were consanguineous, which means they were descended from a common ancestor, or “blood relatives.”. Perhaps there hasn’t been a royal house as powerful as the House of Hapsburg (also called the House of Austria). By that instance, he had already suffered a life filled with illness. Rumors swirled that Charles IIâs first wife, Marie Louise dâÓrleans, â¦ CharlesâÂ ill health condition deteriorated even more as he was approaching his deathbed. As he also happened to live in times when superstition was flourishing, his numerous deformities–his feebleness supposedly owing to his congenital heart disease–were ascribed to powers of evil. He is now best remembered for his physical disabilities, believed to be the result of inbreeding, and the war for his throne that followed his death. To summarize: Reasons Charles II of Spain was âroyally screwedâ: If nothing else, it is a lesson that if a civilization wants to sustain a status of greatness, it should always produce leaders who can demonstrate greatness too. Several sources describe his behavior as infantile. Under Charles II, the situation of the Spanish Hapsburgs only worsened as their powers waned at a rapid pace, but in essence, it was the history of inbreeding that led to the ultimate end. During his reign, the Spanish court considered Charles an obstruction in the affairs of state and an unimportant figure with almost no power. Charlesâs first wife, Marie Louise von Orléans (1662â1689), was the eldest daughter of the brother of Louis XIV, Duke Philip of Orléans, and Henrietta Anne of England. Charles II (29 May 1630-6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. The ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700). When Charles II of Spain died, the autopsy stated that his body âdid not contain a single drop of bloodâ and âhis head was full of waterâ Mar 23, 2017 Stefan Andrews Perhaps there hasnât been a royal house as powerful as the House of Hapsburg (also called the House of Austria). Which is medical terminology meaning his urethra was too short, so he passed urine from part-way down the shaft; he had one, shrunken testicle; his sexual anatomy in general was malformed since birth, as were his kidneys. Charles was born into political strife in Europe as the Habsburgs tried to control the entire continent. Beginning with a general background on some of the Spanish dynasties of the Middle Ages, the focus soon lay on the extraordinary case of Charles II, the last and heirless Habsburg King of Spain. Charles II of Spain was born November 6, 1661 and became king in 1665 at the tender young age of four. Charles II - Charles II - Foreign policy: Charles cleared himself by dismissing his old adviser, Edward Hyde, earl of Clarendon, and tried to assert himself through a more adventurous foreign policy. Whether the autopsy findings are authentic doesn’t question the fact that Charles II made for a grotesque symbol of the Kingdom of Spain that was already in decline. Writers Will and Ariel Durant note in their book The Story of Civilization that Charles II was “short, lame, epileptic, senile, and completely bald before 35.” They also remark that “he was always on the verge of death.”, Modern science has analyzed the genealogical data about Charles II, as well as that of many of his ancestors. Charles was allegedly easy prey, falling under the influence of those who surrounded him. Charles II was the result of centuries of inbreeding in European royal families. By that instance, he had already suffered a life filled with illness. Gender: Male Religion: Roman Catholic Race or . Marie Louise was blamed for the failure to produce an heir, while primitive fertility treatments gave her severe intestinal problems. The reign of this strong political and military force, with its vast territorial claim, kingdoms and colonies, was an âempire on which the sun never sets,â stretching over the territories of Bohemia, Croatia, Hungary, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and to the Americas in the 16th century.Â The Habsburgs even claimed the crown of Holy Roman emperor in 1452. The Mysterious Autopsy of King Charles II of Spain - YouTube Due to incest, the familys genetic line progressively deteriorated until Charles II, the final male heir, was physically incapable of producing children, thus bringing an end to Habsburg rule. Although his marriage to Catherine of Braganza was childless, Charles II had many illegitimate children by various mistresses:-. Calculations further revealed that approximately half of the new-born babies within this dynasty, within the examined period, did not survive to see even their first birthday, many because because of the health defects from inbreeding. Check out the current Spanish kingâs full name for a hint of who (sort of) won. Habsburg Spain dissolved on November 1, 1700, following the death of its last, and probably the most infamous, ruler of all: Charles II of Spain. His death sparked the War of Spanish Succession, mainly between the Austrian Habsburgs and the House of Bourbon. The ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700). The result of several generations of royal inbreeding, Charles II was already born with several difficulties. Charles II of Spain was just 38 years old when he died on November 1, 1700. So far, his reign had made only modest contributions to Englandâs commercial advancement. This was because Charles II’s half-sister, Maria Theresa of Spain, happened to be the first wife of the famous French ruler (almost sounds like a scenario of a Spanish telenovela). Inbreeding wiped out Spanish Habsburgs, say researchers. Join 1000s of subscribers and receive the best Vintage News in your mailbox for FREE, Police arrest a 72-year-old “suburban grandfather” suspected of being the Golden State Killer, “I’m not dead yet”: some Buddhist monks followed self-mummification, Project Azorian: Howard Hughes’ secret mission, 1960s U.S. satellite that started transmitting again in 2013, The “Walk of Shame” in Game of Thrones historical inspiration, The only unsolved skyjacking case in U.S. history might have a break, Kurt Gödel became too paranoid to eat and died of starvation, “Little Ease”: One of the most feared torture devices in the Tower of London, The humble English girl who became Cora Pearl, Walt Disney softened the original Snow White story. According to one source, shortly before his death, Charles had moments in which he insisted on unearthing the corpses of his dead relatives, so he could see them. When Philip died in 1506, Charles became ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands, and his mother's co-ruler in Spain upon the death of his maternal grandfather, Ferdinand the Catholic, in 1516. Writers Will and Ariel Durant note in their book The Story of Civilization that Charles II was âshort, lame, epileptic, senile, and completely bald before 35.â They also remark that âhe was always on the verge of death.â. His retirement didnât last long as Charles died several days before his thirty-ninth birthday. Dark Forces. With him ended the influence and dominion of the Habsburg dynasty in the Iberian peninsula and in the overseas territories. King Charles II (by Juan Carreño de Miranda, 1685). Charles II was not attractive, to say the least. Charles II. Within the research, it was also found out that Charles II, along with his grandfather Philip III, counted as the two family representatives who had the “highest inbreeding coefficients,” the Telegraph reported. If legends surrounding his death are to be believed, Charles the Badâs death was equally as unpleasant as his life. The physician who carried out the autopsy,Â Pedro Gargantilla, noted: â[His corpse]… did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.â This autopsy stumped even contemporary medical scientists who examined this description.